James Ward is a PhD candidate at USC Rossier. He earned a Bachelor’s degree in Economics and History from Cornell University. James spent five years in Washington, DC and Boston working as an education consultant for Hanover Research and ASR Analytics, a research analyst with the National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO), and an institutional researcher at Harvard University. He is currently a research assistant for Dr. William Tierney in the Pullias Center for Higher Education. His primary research focus is on organizational responses to changes in public policy. With the support of an AERA dissertation grant, James’ research seeks to understand the relationship between fiscal dependency and state colleges’ responses to performance-based funding policies.